These are apples that aren’t able to be sold via JA as they are seconds. They have scars, discoloured patches, sunburn, cracked tops and/ or dimples. I can attest that they still taste yummy!
Shinano Gold are a cross between a Golden Delicious and a Senshuu (千秋) apple. Here is the official JA info on them:
They are still sweet but crisp and have a little more sourness than the Shinano Sweet.
As you can see in the second picture these apples do not break down when cooked. It is a lot of work to make apple sauce from them but for pies and other baked goods they work great.
These apples are grown Amelia. They are grown using traditional methods so have been sprayed numerous times throughout the year with fungicides and other chemicals. These are not organic in any way. However Amelia’s family does not use hormone sprays nor herbicides (just look at all those weeds around her trees! 😉 ) so these apples have lower contact with chemicals than many commercially grown apples.